In-Situ Burning for Oil Spill Countermeasures Book

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In-Situ Burning for Oil Spill Countermeasures

By Merv Fingas
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Isbn : 0429014139
  • Pages : 463
  • Category : Science
  • Reads : 970
  • File Pdf: in-situ-burning-for-oil-spill-countermeasures.pdf

Book Summary:

Shelving Guide: Environmental Engineering In-situ burning is recognized as a viable alternative for cleaning up oil spills on land and water. It can rapidly reduce the volume of spilled oil and eliminate the need to collect, store, transport, and dispose of recovered oil, and can also shorten the response time to a spill, thus reducing the chances that the spill will spread on the water surface or further into land. This book will serve as a comprehensive reference for all aspects of in-situ burning of oil spills and include the scientific aspects of the burning process and the related effects, as well as practical information about the procedures to be followed and equipment required for carrying out an in-situ burn. Features Serves as a complete source of information on in-situ burning as well as practical guide on how to implement the procedures. Explains procedures for burning in different situations, including on water, land, and ice. Provides information on worker health and safety precautions during burning. Covers several different types of emissions, their environmental fate, and how to monitor them. Includes numerous illustrative case studies.

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Related Books

Responding to Oil Spills in the U.S. Arctic Marine Environment

By National Research Council,Transportation Research Board,Marine Board,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Polar Research Board,Ocean Studies Board,Committee on Responding to Oil Spills in the U.S. Arctic Marine Environment
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Isbn : 030929889X
  • Pages : 210
  • Category : Science
  • Reads : 760
  • File Pdf: responding-to-oil-spills-in-the-u-s-arctic-marine-environment.pdf

Book Summary:

U.S. Arctic waters north of the Bering Strait and west of the Canadian border encompass a vast area that is usually ice covered for much of the year, but is increasingly experiencing longer periods and larger areas of open water due to climate change. Sparsely inhabited with a wide variety of ecosystems found nowhere else, this region is vulnerable to damage from human activities. As oil and gas, shipping, and tourism activities increase, the possibilities of an oil spill also increase. How can we best prepare to respond to such an event in this challenging environment? Responding to Oil Spills in the U.S. Arctic Marine Environment reviews the current state of the science regarding oil spill response and environmental assessment in the Arctic region north of the Bering Strait, with emphasis on the potential impacts in U.S. waters. This report describes the unique ecosystems and environment of the Arctic and makes recommendations to provide an effective response effort in these challenging conditions. According to Responding to Oil Spills in the U.S. Arctic Marine Environment, a full range of proven oil spill response technologies is needed in order to minimize the impacts on people and sensitive ecosystems. This report identifies key oil spill research priorities, critical data and monitoring needs, mitigation strategies, and important operational and logistical issues. The Arctic acts as an integrating, regulating, and mediating component of the physical, atmospheric and cryospheric systems that govern life on Earth. Not only does the Arctic serve as regulator of many of the Earth's large-scale systems and processes, but it is also an area where choices made have substantial impact on life and choices everywhere on planet Earth. This report's recommendations will assist environmentalists, industry, state and local policymakers, and anyone interested in the future of this special region to preserve and protect it from damaging oil spills.

Oil Spill Science and Technology

By Mervin Fingas
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Isbn : 9781856179447
  • Pages : 1192
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Reads : 965
  • File Pdf: oil-spill-science-and-technology.pdf

Book Summary:

The National Academy of Sciences estimate that 1.7 to 8.8 million tons of oil are released into world's water every year, of which more than 70% is directly related to human activities. The effects of these spills are all too apparent: dead wildlife, oil covered marshlands and contaminated water chief among them. This reference will provide scientists, engineers and practitioners with the latest methods use for identify and eliminating spills before they occur and develop the best available techniques, equipment and materials for dealing with oil spills in every environment. Topics covered include: spill dynamics and behaviour, spill treating agents, and cleanup techniques such as: in situ burning, mechanical containment or recovery, chemical and biological methods and physical methods are used to clean up shorelines. Also included are the fate and effects of oil spills and means to assess damage. Covers spill dynamics and behaviour Definitive guide to spill treating agents Complete coverage of cleanup techniques Includes fate and effects of oil spills and means to assess damage

High Performance Elastomer Materials

By Dariusz M. Bielinski,Ryszard Kozlowski,Gennady E. Zaikov
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Isbn : 1482255022
  • Pages : 292
  • Category : Science
  • Reads : 403
  • File Pdf: high-performance-elastomer-materials.pdf

Book Summary:

This book presents selected papers on various aspects of rubber engineering, technology, and exploitation. The contributions range from new methods of the modification of filler surface and crosslinks structure of rubber vulcanizates, through modern functional elastomer composites, to aspects of their thermal stability, flammability, and ozone degradation. Each chapter contains a brief introduction to a particular topic, a description of the experimental techniques, and a discussion on the results obtained, followed by conclusions. The book will help to broaden the knowledge of researchers in the field of rubber compounding, crosslinking, and behavior under various exploitation conditions. The research and development presented in this book has potential for industrial applications as well as for new materials and technologies. The book also details theoretical background to a number of experimental techniques, which should make it interesting to research students and professionals.

Oil Spill Monitoring Handbook

By Sharon Hook,Graeme Batley,Andrew Ross,Michael Holloway,Paul Irving
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : CSIRO PUBLISHING
  • Isbn : 1486306365
  • Pages : 288
  • Category : Science
  • Reads : 623
  • File Pdf: oil-spill-monitoring-handbook.pdf

Book Summary:

Oil spills can be difficult to manage, with reporting frequently delayed. Too often, by the time responders arrive at the scene, the slick has moved, dissolved, dispersed or sunk. This Oil Spill Monitoring Handbook provides practical advice on what information is likely required following the accidental release of oil or other petroleum-based products into the marine environment. The book focuses on response phase monitoring for maritime spills, otherwise known as Type I or operational monitoring. Response phase monitoring tries to address the questions – what? where? when? how? how much? – that assist responders to find, track, predict and clean up spills, and to assess their efforts. Oil spills often occur in remote, sensitive and logistically difficult locations, often in adverse weather, and the oil can change character and location over time. An effective response requires robust information provided by monitoring, observation, sampling and science. The Oil Spill Monitoring Handbook completely updates the Australian Maritime Safety Authority’s 2003 edition of the same name, taking into account the latest scientific advances in physical, chemical and biological monitoring, many of which have evolved as a consequence of major oil spill disasters in the last decade. It includes sections on the chemical properties of oil, the toxicological impacts of oil exposure, and the impacts of oil exposure on different marine habitats with relevance to Australia and elsewhere. An overview is provided on how monitoring integrates with the oil spill response process, the response organisation, the use of decision-support tools such as net environmental benefit analysis, and some of the most commonly used response technologies. Throughout the text, examples are given of lessons learned from previous oil spill incidents and responses, both local and international. General guidance of spill monitoring approaches and technologies is augmented with in-depth discussion on both response phase and post-response phase monitoring design and delivery. Finally, a set of appendices delivers detailed standard operating procedures for practical observation, sample and data collection. The Oil Spill Monitoring Handbook is essential reading for scientists within the oil industry and environmental and government agencies; individuals with responder roles in industry and government; environmental and ecological monitoring agencies and consultants; and members of the maritime sector in Australia and abroad, including officers in ports, shipping and terminals.

Global Aquatic and Atmospheric Environment

By Har D. Kumar,Donat-P. Häder
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Isbn : 3642600700
  • Pages : 393
  • Category : Science
  • Reads : 196
  • File Pdf: global-aquatic-and-atmospheric-environment.pdf

Book Summary:

During the last few decades anthropogenic activities in the industrially advanced countries have outcompeted nature in changing the global environment. This is best illustrated for example by the polluted lakes in Scandinavia and Canada, associated with acid deposition from fossil fuel combustion. One of the major challenges mankind is confronted with in the field of energy consumption is undoubtedly to ensure sustainability - a goal that requires improved management of natural resources and a substantial reduction of the noxious emissions which are dangerous to health and the environment. The threat of global climate change due to pollutant emissions causes se rious concern to many nations, and reaching an international consensus is likely to take some time. Carbon dioxide emissions have slowed only marginally in industrialized countries during the last few years, but have increased significantly in most developing countries due to increases in energy demand and the increasing use of fossil fuels, which remain the most readily available energy sources today. Unfortunately, far from learning lessons from the negative experiences of developed countries, many developing countries are taking the same path to development which has turned out to result in serious environmental consequences.

The Basics of Oil Spill Cleanup, Third Edition

By Merv Fingas
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Isbn : 1439862478
  • Pages : 286
  • Category : Science
  • Reads : 620
  • File Pdf: the-basics-of-oil-spill-cleanup-third-edition.pdf

Book Summary:

Reflecting the rapid progress in cleanup technology since the previous edition, this revised and expanded third edition of The Basics of Oil Spill Cleanup covers current cleanup techniques, how oil spills are measured and detected, and the properties of the oil and its long-term fate in the environment. It also deals with why, how often, and where oil spills occur as well as the chemical composition and physical properties of various oil types. The chapters describe surface and remote sensing technologies used to detect and track oil slicks, and methods to contain oil on water (booms and ancillary equipment) and recover oil from the water surface (skimmers, sorbents, and manual recovery). The author discusses the use of pumps, in-situ burning, and chemical agents, such as dispersants, for oil removal. He also addresses oil-contaminated shorelines and the effects and behavior of oil on different ecosystems and the various organisms within them. Written for the general public as well as those directly involved with oil spill cleanup, this edition provides broad, up-to-date knowledge of the cleanup and control of spills.

Earth System Monitoring

By John Orcutt
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Isbn : 1461456843
  • Pages : 518
  • Category : Science
  • Reads : 894
  • File Pdf: earth-system-monitoring.pdf

Book Summary:

Modern Earth System Monitoring represents a fundamental change in the way scientists study the Earth System. In Oceanography, for the past two centuries, ships have provided the platforms for observing. Expeditions on the continents and Earth’s poles are land-based analogues. Fundamental understanding of current systems, climate, natural hazards, and ecosystems has been greatly advanced. While these approaches have been remarkably successful, the need to establish measurements over time can only be made using Earth observations and observatories with exacting standards and continuous data. The 19 peer-reviewed contributions in this volume provide early insights into this emerging view of Earth in both space and time in which change is a critical component of our growing understanding.

Coping with an oiled sea : an analysis of oil spill response technologies.

By
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : DIANE Publishing
  • Isbn : 1428921796
  • Pages : 70
  • Category : Environmental protection
  • Reads : 495
  • File Pdf: coping-with-an-oiled-sea.pdf

Book Summary:

Read and download full book Coping with an oiled sea : an analysis of oil spill response technologies.

Advanced Low-Cost Separation Techniques in Interface Science

By George Z. Kyzas,Athanasios C. Mitropoulos
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Isbn : 0128141794
  • Pages : 360
  • Category : Science
  • Reads : 625
  • File Pdf: advanced-low-cost-separation-techniques-in-interface-science.pdf

Book Summary:

Advanced Low-Cost Separation Techniques in Interface Science, Volume 30 helps scientists and researchers in academia and industry gain expert knowledge on how to use separation techniques at minimal cost and energy usage. It handles a broad range of highly relevant topics, including modern flotation techniques, low-cost materials in liquid-and gas-phase adsorption, new trends in molecular imprinting, graphenes in separation, nanobubbles and biopolymers in interface science, the reuse of biomaterials, green techniques for wastewaters, and modeling in environmental interfaces. The book shows that these techniques can be both attractive for both research and industrial purposes. It is intended for chemical engineers working in wastewater treatment industries, membrane industries, pharmaceutical industries, textile or tanneries industries, hybrid-topic industries and energy industries. Focuses on cost and energy saving separation techniques in interface science Discusses multiple techniques, including flotation, adsorption, materials synthesis, and more Combines, in a single source, separation techniques, advanced methodologies, and the low-cost potential of the techniques Describes techniques that are attractive for both research and industrial purposes

Handbook of Oil Spill Science and Technology

By Merv Fingas
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Isbn : 111898997X
  • Pages : 728
  • Category : Technology & Engineering
  • Reads : 995
  • File Pdf: handbook-of-oil-spill-science-and-technology.pdf

Book Summary:

Provides a scientific basis for the cleanup and for the assessment of oil spills Enables Non-scientific officers to understand the science they use on a daily basis Multi-disciplinary approach covering fields as diverse as biology, microbiology, chemistry, physics, oceanography and toxicology Covers the science of oil spills from risk analysis to cleanup and through the effects on the environment Includes case studies examining and analyzing spills, such as Tasman Spirit oil spill on the Karachi Coast, and provides lessons to prevent these in the future

Monitoring for Gaseous Pollutants in Museum Environments

By Cecily M. Grzywacz
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Getty Publications
  • Isbn : 0892368519
  • Pages : 160
  • Category : Art
  • Reads : 371
  • File Pdf: monitoring-for-gaseous-pollutants-in-museum-environments.pdf

Book Summary:

With an emphasis on passive sampling, this volume focuses on the environmental monitoring for common gaseous pollutants. It offers an overview of the history and nature of pollutants of concern to museums and the challenges facing scientists, conservators, and managers seeking to develop target pollutant guidelines to protect cultural property.